Allergies in Toddlers

Allergies in Toddlers

Allergies in toddlers is one of the most urgent topics of all new moms. An allergy is a reaction in the baby's body to the presence of a substance called an allergen. The toddlers’ allergy may manifest itself as nettlerash, nappy rash, eczema, asthma, dermatitis etc.

An allergic reaction may look like a mild cold: colics and spasms in stomach, sickness and vomiting, coughing, wheezing, sneezing, itching, runny nose, short breath, sleep disturbance, headache, migraine.

Some kinds of allergy may be inherited by toddler from his parents. Here are other possible allergens: insects, food, animals, dust mites, mold, drugs, mold, pollen.

One of the most widespread symptoms of the toddler allergy is skin rash, that is also called allergic diathesis. It can be caused by different factors that influenced the baby while being in womb. Among them are irrational feeding (too much of milk, chocolate, eggs etc.), taking drugs while pregnancy and others.

Another reason of food allergy is starting bottle-feeding too early. The cow’s milk consists of 20 different nutrition components that can provoke the allergy reaction. It is recommended:

  1. exclusive breastfeeding to all infants for at least the first 6 months;
  2. introducing cow's milk at 12 months of age;
  3. eggs and egg-containing foods at 24 months of age;
  4. peanuts, tree nuts and fish at 36 months of age.

Oddly enough, some kids have an allergic reaction on the breast milk. When a breastfeeding woman drinks cow’s milk, her toddler can get some component of that milk while being breastfed. What mother eats - baby eats. If a mother is allergic to any food the chances are her child may also be allergic to those foods. The main symptoms of food allergy are diarrhea, colics and vomiting.

One more type of allergies in toddlers is season allergy. Pollen that is spread by the wind and carried by the insects can land in a person’s nose, eyes, lungs and skin. Toddlers who suffer from pollen allergy have the following symptoms: nasal congestions, allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma and allergic conjunctivitis. Pollen is almost impossible to avoid, but keeping children away from the environment, inside of an air-conditioned room with proper filters can help. Be sure to clean your air conditioner from time to time, otherwise mold growth can be another source of respiratory troubles.

If the toddler starts to sneeze, cough, having runny nose, red, itchy or watery eyes, facial pressure and pain, it is very probably that he/she has a pet allergy. Some kids have asthma symptoms (shortness of breath, chest pain, wheezing). In this case animal should be either kept outside if possible, or be kept out of bedrooms, carpets and upholstered furniture. It can be helpful to wash pets frequently (by someone who has no allergy to them).

One more type of toddler allergy is dust mites. These particles are usually found in mattresses, pillows, carpets and upholstered furniture. They float into the air when someone walks on the carpet, sits on the bed or upholstered coach or vacuums. Toddlers suffering from dust allergy have the symptoms described before. The most widespread is asthma. Normal housekeeping is not enough to take away the dust mites. To reduce them you should:

  • Keep optimal humidity in your house (below 55%);
  • Cover all the food and throw away all the food wastes in time;
  • Install a high efficiency media filter with a MERV rating of 11 or 12 in the furnace and air-conditioning unit. Don’t forget to clean it from time to time and change it each 3 months;
  • Keep your child away from the place that you vacuum or dust;
  • Buy mattresses and pillows made of very tightly woven fabric. Wash them frequently using hot water;
  • Keep the pets away from the bedroom.

It’s good to be educated about all types of allergies in toddlers but it is better to consult with your doctor.

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